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  About JMCM
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  Preparing a Manuscript

Article types

The Editor-in-Chief and members of the Journal's Editorial Board and independent experts, will review most manuscripts submitted to JMCM. However, the Editor-in-Chief and the Editors reserve the right to reject a manuscript without conducting an in-depth review if they feel that the manuscript is "out of scope" or it does not meet the minimal acceptance criteria for publication in JMCM.

We accept 8 types of article as follows:

Original Research

    This is the most common type of journal manuscript. It may be called an Original Article, Research Article, or just Article, depending on the journal. The Original Research format is suitable for many different fields and different types of studies. It includes full Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections.


    Review Articles provide a comprehensive summary of research on a certain topic, and a perspective on the state of the field and where it is heading. They are often written by leaders in a particular discipline after invitation from the editors of a journal. Reviews are often widely read (for example, by researchers looking for a full introduction to a field) and highly cited. Reviews commonly cite approximately 100 primary research articles.

Systematic review

    Systematic reviews are a type of literature review that uses systematic methods to collect secondary data, critically appraise research studies, and synthesize findings qualitatively or quantitatively.

Short communication

    These papers communicate brief reports of data from original research that editors believe will be interesting to many researchers, and that will likely stimulate further research in the field. A Short communication may be called a brief communication, brief report.

Case Report

    In medicine, a case report is a detailed report of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient. Case reports may contain a demographic profile of the patient, but usually describe an unusual or novel occurrence. Some case reports also contain a literature review of other reported cases. Case reports are professional narratives that provide feedback on clinical practice guidelines and offer a framework for early signals of effectiveness, adverse events, and cost. They can be shared for medical, scientific, or educational purposes.

Letter to the Editors

    We welcome readers to submit formal comments on the content of articles published in Neuroscience. Such comments should provide constructive scientific remarks. Readers may submit these comments as a Letter to the Editor, which should be concise, no more than 500 words, and we will transmit them to the author(s) of the commented-upon paper for their optional reply.


    Commentaries are short articles usually around 1000-1,500 words long that draw attention to or present a criticism of a previously published article, book, or report, explaining why it interested them and how it might be illuminating for readers.


    Minireviews are usually commissioned from recognized experts in a particular field, and we ask authors to provide a balanced overview of the field and not to focus on their own work or that of their close colleagues. The abstract for a Minireview should be structured with a background, main body and short conclusion and should not exceed 350 words.

Organization of the Manuscript

☆ Times New Roman. Font size 12. Spacing 1.5. Alignment Justified.

☆ The first line indents 2 characters of a new paragraph.

☆ Sub-headings and general headings should be presented in lower case letters (not capitals).

☆ Use British English or American English spellings throughout your manuscript, but not both.

☆ Do not use page breaks in your manuscript.

☆ Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading.

    Please note: editable files are required for processing in production. If your manuscript contains any non-editable files (such as PDFs) you will be required to re-submit an editable file when you submit your revised manuscript, or after editorial acceptance in case no revision is necessary.

Manuscripts must include the following sections in the order listed.

Title Page

    The first page of the manuscript should be a title page with the following:

* Title

    The title of the manuscript in sentence case. No abbreviations other than gene names or in common use

Full names, email address and affiliations including postal codes of all authors

    Authors affiliations should reflect where their primary contribution to the research was made. Affiliations of the authors indicated by numbers (not symbols), Equal contribution indicated by #.

Corresponding author and corresponding email address

    Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. JMCM allows up to two corresponding authors; when two are listed, no priority is given to either. The submitting author is required a corresponding author. Please provided the corresponding author Name, full postal address, including street number and name, and e-mail address.

Conflict of interest statement

    This section is required for all papers. If there are no interests to declare, please use the following wording: "The authors declare no competing interests." The text in this section should match the text provided in the Declaration of Interests form.


    Use this section to acknowledge contributions from non-authors, list funding sources. As this section contains important information and many funding bodies require inclusion of grant numbers here, please check it carefully.

Abstract (250 words maximum)

    A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. This section should have 250 words, be continuous (not structured) and without reference numbers. Abbreviations that appear once only, should be defined in full, unless they correspond to a gene name. If abbreviations appear more than once, the definition should be provided once, and then subsequently used throughout the abstract.


    Immediately after the abstract, provide 3-10 keywords, using avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of').


    State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background to clarify why the study was undertaken and what hypotheses were tested, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results . The information in this section should always be referenced.

Materials and Methods

    The source of material used and relevant ethical framework for all experiments should be clearly identified (ethics approval and/or written informed consent).

· Methods

    Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. This implies that a full description of all the experiments described in Results and presented in the Figures/Tables is expected in this section. For each experiment, all steps need to be mentioned, along with instruments the analyses were performed on, reagents and methods to permit the replication of the work by others. we would encourage authors to submitting a detailed Bio-protocol.

    A theoretical neuroscience manuscript would omit the Materials and Methods and Experimental Design and Statistical Analysis sections if no experimental approaches were used.


    Explain how these were collected, handled and stored, and where they were from.

Bacterial, strains or cells

Provide the name and supplier. Matching between controls and disease patients with regards to the above parameters.

Steps performed with commercialized kits

Provide the full name of the kit, along with the full name and location (city, province or state, and country) of the supplier, and state whether the protocol of the manufacturer was followed or explain any modifications made to the standard protocol.

Bioinformatics analyses

    State the software used along with the relevant citation, unless the software is not published, in which case a website link can be provided. For microarray/RNA sequences, data downloaded from GEO or other databases, this needs to be clarified in the text, along with the corresponding accession number of the dataset.

· Statistical analyses

    When statistical analyses have been performed, the following information should be provided: the name of the statistical test used, the number for each analysis, the comparisons of interest, the alpha level and the actual p-value for each test. It should be clear which statistical test was used to generate every p-value. Error bars on graphs should be clearly labeled, and it should be stated whether the number following the ± sign is a standard deviation or a standard error. The word ‘significant’ should only be used when referring to statistically significant results and should be accompanied by the relevant p-value. Significance indicators should be used on graphs and tables, and should be described in the figure or table legend, clearly indicating which groups are being compared. Describe any statistical software used to perform analyses.


    Include a concise summary of the data presented in all display items (figures and tables). Excessive elaboration of data shown in display items should be avoided. Numerical data should be analyzed using appropriate statistical tests described in the Experimental Design and Statistical Analysis section. Authors must provide detailed information for each statistical test applied. Report exact p values rather than ranges (e.g. p=0.048 rather than p<0.05).


    This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


    The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Manuscripts reporting studies involving human participants, human data or human tissue must: include a statement on ethics approval and consent (even where the need for approval was waived) include the name of the ethics committee that approved the study and the committee’s reference number if appropriate. Studies involving animals must include a statement on ethics approval. More information about Editorial Policies.

Authors’ Contributions

These should be presented as follows: GF, LH and PG designed the research study. LH performed the research. MM provided help and advice on the ELISA experiments. MH analyzed the data. LL, LC and PG wrote the manuscript. All authors contributed to editorial changes in the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.


    Number the references in the order of their first mention in the text; cite only the number assigned to the reference. The reference list should be limited to only those citations essential to the presentation. Before submission of the manuscript, authors should verify the accuracy of all references and check that all references have been cited in the text. For manuscripts with more than 6 authors, the names of the first 6 authors must be listed, followed by "et al.," For manuscripts with 6 or fewer authors, all authors should be listed.The DOI number for a paper should be given at the end of the reference if available.

Reference examples:

1. In the text

    Use [1], [2], [3, 4]  [2, 5-7] for the references in the text.

2. In the reference list

    Journal carries first letters capitalized and all words are italicized . For example: Journal of Integrative Medicine. List the full name of journal, do not abbreviate the page number.


    ①Single Author 

    Poynting SH. What caused the Cronulla riot? Race & Class, 2006; 48(2), 85-92. 

    ②Two Authors

    Use the “and”.

    Poynting SH, Poynting S H. What caused the Cronulla riot? Race & Class, 2006; 48(2), 85-92.

    ③ More than 3 authors

    Roelofs AJ, Thompson K, Gordon S, Rogers MJ, Pitt CE, Smith JH, et al. Molecular mechanisms of action of bisphosphonates: current status. Clin Cancer Res, 2006; 12(20): 6222s-6230s.

Note:  Journal carries first letters capitalized and all words are italicized and abbreviated. For example: J Integr Med. List first 6 authors and the rest replaced by et al. for manuscript cited, do abbreviate the page number.

(2) Book:

    1) Book:  Pitt CE, Smith JH. Pro PHP MVC. Berkeley, CA: Apple Academic Press; 2012.

    2) Book edited:  Pitt CE, Smith JH (eds.). Pro PHP MVC. Berkeley, CA: Apple Academic Press; 2012.

    3) Book chapter in an Edited book: Tuckwell HC. How to run a programme. In, Pitt CE  & Smith JH (eds.). Pro PHP MVC. Berkeley, CA: Apple Academic Press; 2012, p.13-34.

    4) Book chapter in an Edited book: Tuckwell HC. How to run a programme. In, Pitt CE et al. (eds.). Pro PHP MVC. Berkeley, CA: Apple Academic Press; 2012, p.13-34.

Note:  Title of book carries first letters capitalized. For example: Strong Artificial Intelligence: Understanding the Roots of Consciousness.

(3) Conference proceedings

    Smith JJ. The atomic structure of relationship. In, Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the International Society for Biological Sciences, 2011.

Figure Legends

Legends should be included in the submitted manuscript as a separate section. Each figure legend should have a brief title that describes the entire figure without citing specific panels, followed by a description of each panel. In writing the figure title, we encourage you to re-use the subheadings of the Results section to make the relationship clear. For any figures presenting pooled data, the measures should be defined in the figure legends (for example, "Data are represented as mean ± SEM."). Each legend should refer to any supporting items in the Supplemental Information (e.g., "See also Figure S1.").

Supplementary materials

    Authors of accepted manuscripts may provide related supplemental data to be posted online along with the published manuscript. This may include figures, tables, or appendices but excludes large datasets. All Supplemental Data information (except videos) should be combined into a single PDF file. Before submission, carefully review all files; if you wish to make changes to supplementary material during any stage of the process, please make sure to provide an updated file. The journal is not responsible for any errors contained in data supplements.


Equations and Symbols

    Manuscripts with many mathematical characters and equations should be prepared using MathType version 6.0 or higher or word-processing tools such as Word’s Equation Editor.

Abbreviations and Units

    IF abbreviations appear more than once, the definition should be provided once, and then subsequently used throughout the text. Symbols for physical units should be restricted to System International units (SI) should be used without definition. Generic names of drugs and pesticides are preferred; if trade names are used, the generic name should be given at first mention. The doses of the drugs should be given as unit weight/unit body weight, e.g. mmol/kg or mg/kg. Genus and species names should be in italics.

Please use the standard mathematical notation for formulae, symbols, etc.

· Always use a leading zero (0) before decimal points: 0.5 NOT .5.

·  Decimal points should use a full stop/period (.) NOT a comma (,).

· A space should be inserted before measurement units: 132 bp NOT 132bp, 5 mm NOT 5mm, 1 h NOT 1h

· Symbols for genes should be italicized(p53), whereas symbols for proteins are not italicized (p53). Gene names that are written out in full are not italicized (tumor protein 53).


Original data: The editors reserve the right to request authors to provided any original, unprocessed data in the submission, review, or publication process, including after publication.

Image manipulation: All images in manuscripts accepted for publication will be production delays or revocation of acceptance which inconsistent with the following guidelines:

· Do not enhance, occlude, move, remove or introduce specific features in the image

· Do not combination figures using images taken from different parts of the same gel or from different gels.

· Do not arise image duplication in submission, including retroflexion. color balance.

File format


  For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS, Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.

TIFF without layers and preferably using Lempel-Ziv-Welch (LZW) compression as it does not reduce image quality.

JPEG (only if originally saved at the highest quality).


Images imported or copy pasted into Word or PowerPoint.

BMP, GIF, PCT, PNG or low quality JPEG files originally saved at low quality.


Image size is measured in centimeters or inches.

Create your figures at the size (width) at which they will be printed:

* 8.00 cm (3.15 in) wide for a single-column figure

* 17.00 cm (6.70 in) maximum for a double-column (full page width) figure

* Maximum height 20.00 cm (7.87 in)

Empty white space surrounding a figure should NOT be included when calculating image size.

Images should, therefore, be cropped (cut) as close to the outside edges of the figure as possible.


Minimum resolution for all figures is 300 dpi. For figures that contain both photographs and line art or text, 600 dpi is highly recommended. Figures containing only black and white elements (line art, no color, and no gray) should be 1,000 dpi. Maximum figure size is 7 in wide x 9 in high (17.5 x 22.8 cm) at the correct resolution.

Note: Resolution settings in many software programs (including vector programs such as Illustrator) default to low resolution (72 dpi) when placing images. Be certain to set resolution prior to beginning your figure layout.

Color mode

Use RGB as this will offer the best reproduction of your data in the final PDF version of your article on screen. CMYK mode is also acceptable. Fluorescence images must be submitted for publication in color. Black and white figures and line art: grey scale mode or RGB mode.

Combination figures with color images and line art: RGB mode.

Figure name

Figures are cited sequentially in the text using Arabic numerals (for example, Fig. 1).

Type appearing within figures (axis labels, for example) is in Arial or a similar typeface and is of sufficient size and contrast to retain clarity if reduced in size. Avoid use of bold type in figure labels.

Figure labels

Labels should be sized in proportion to the image, sharp, and clearly legible.

Type appearing within figures (axis labels, for example) is in Arial or a similar typeface and is of sufficient size and contrast to retain clarity if reduced in size. Avoid use of bold type in figure labels.

Figures may be divided into separate sections. Each section may be saved as a separate file (clearly indicated in file name) or included together in one file (with parts clearly labeled). Separate parts of a figure should be labeled using just A, B, C, NOT a, b ,c 1A, 1B, 1C. Place A, B, C to the top left of each section of the figure. And each section of the figure should be well-arranged.

The labels should be of the same font and size in all figures. Also, the numbering should be of the same font and size in all figures.

Labels should be evenly spaced and aligned, easy to see (including exponential numbers around figure axes), and NOT faded, broken, or distorted by JPG compression artifact.

If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.

Avoid gratuitous use of color for decorative effect, boxes around graphs and figures, and small type and symbols on large graphs; avoid pairing red and green in graphs to ensure legibility for color-blind readers. Whenever possible, do not place labels over any part of a color figure. Do not include tabular material within figures.

Do NOT use light grey color lines or labels.

There must be strong contrast between labels and their background (e.g., labels placed over shaded bar graphs should be in a color that stands out against the shading, NOT blend in with it). Whenever possible, labels should be placed in black font on a white background. Consider using a black label with a white stroke applied to create contrast.

The first letter of each phrase, NOT each word, should be capitalized [e.g., ‘Overall survival (months)’ not ‘Overall Survival (Months)’ and not ‘overall survival (months)]’.

Do not include titles or captions within your illustrations.


Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. The data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Tables with sections (for example, Table 1A, 1B, 1C) are not acceptable. For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the contents of the table. Place any table notes below the table body. If bold or italic font is used within a table to indicate some feature of the data, please give an explanation of its usage in the legend. All abbreviations within a table must be defined in the table legend or footnotes. Footnotes should be listed with superscript lowercase letters, beginning with “a.” Footnotes may not be listed with numbers or symbols.

Submit to JMCM

Cover letter

In your cover letter, please explain what was previously known, the conceptual advance provided by your work, and the significance to a broad readership. You may suggest appropriate reviewers and make up to three requests for reviewer exclusions. Please use the cover letter to notify us of information that is relevant to our handling and evaluation your paper (e.g., related work, time constraints, competition). The cover letter is confidential and will not be seen by reviewers.

File formats

The following word processor file formats are acceptable for the main manuscript document:

Microsoft word (DOC, DOCX)

TeX/LaTeX (use BioMed Central's TeX template)

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